Layered Fire Prevention, Fire Protection, and Suppression Systems

Fire Protection Systems Protect Your Process

The science of Fire Prevention and Fire Protection has three goals:

  • Continuity of operations
  • Property protection
  • Life safety

The Fire Triangle

Fire protection is based on the Fire Triangle and controlling the fuel, oxygen, and ignition.

The Process Industries

In the process industries, the fuel is typically Combustible Dust,  and to prevent fires and deflagrations you must control fugitive dust  emissions and ignition sources.

Risk Management

Fire and Explosion Prevention and Protection Systems are designed around managing RISK.

Risk management as defined here is about controlling the probability  of occurrence, and the magnitude or the severity of a fire or  deflagration event. Thus active Prevention systems are used to reduce the probability of occurrence of a fire or deflagration.

Fire Protection Equipment and Systems are reactive, and thus designed to manage the risk of the event once it occurs.

Layered Protection is based on several stages of safety system design:

1) Fire Prevention
2) Fire Protection
3) Explosion Prevention
4) Explosion Protection

With each successive layer of protection designed to prevent or manage another layer of risk. Each layer of protection is designed to mitigate,  separate, or isolate the risk from the rest of the process.

Stage 1) Fire Prevention

FIRE PREVENTION is based on various Hazard Monitoring Systems that include but are not limited to:

  • Spark Detection and Extinguishing Systems, including spark, ember, black body, smoke and flame detection
  • Bearing temperature, belt alignment, plug-up detection systems
  • Linear heat detection
  • Rate of rise heat detection
  • Smoke Detection
  • CO Detection
  • Combustion Gas detection
  • Emissions monitoring
  • Video smoke and flame detection

And various other complimentary detection systems designed to detect  and prevent fires in the incipient stage. Various types of detectors can  be mounted on conveyors, transitions, ductwork, in the production area,  and on production equipment itself to monitor hazards and alert  operators, as well as interlocking various types of alarms, suppression  and deluge systems, machinery shutdown, etc. And various levels of  alarms can be interlocked depending on the threat level.

Fire prevention is based on active monitoring systems designed to  detect the first signs of combustion, and react to prevent the incipient  fire from developing.

Stage 2) Fire Protection

FIRE PROTECTION Equipment and Systems include but are not limited to:

  • Water sprinkler and deluge systems
  • Water Mist systems
  • Foam
  • Suppression
  • Inerting
  • Gas
  • Dry Chemical

Fire Protection systems are reactive and designed to suppress a fire  once developed, and prevent further risk to life and property. fire protection equipment

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"...expertise in providing facility owners with fire and explosion  protection equipment in the prevention and mitigation of combustible  dust related incidents. ...three decades of  experience will assist stakeholders in achieving a cost effective  solution."

"System down time is simply "risk of loss" time, and stalled or slowed  installation time is the same.  So, he takes these issues deadly  serious!"

" I have worked with Jeff on various project for almost my entire career  (>25 years). He is one of the most knowledgeable guys in the industry  and a pleasure to do business with. No matter what your requirement is  related to in the industrial fire prevention market, Jeff is the guy to  turn to for a reliable solution. "

"Jeffrey has been a very dedicated individual, with the issues regarding  Combustible Dust/Fire extinguishing services/products.  His knowledge  and experience, dictates, in all (of our) Discussions.  He is one of the Pioneers, in this field, and  continues to enrich customers and collegues minds, with the fire hazards  associated with Combustible Dust.  I wanted to thank Jeffrey, for being  a part of my awareness, when dealing with Manufacturing plants, and  Combustible Dust issues, regarding ventilation and fire suppression  equipment systems."